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1 (85/035) extract from will registered 27 June 1836:

'Francoise Bosdet of St Brelade fille de Jean Bosdet of St Peter, brother Jean, sister Elizabeth widow of Jean Priaux, nephews Jacques Jean, George Jean, Francois Pierre, Jean and Theophile Bosdet, nieces(?) Elizabeth Jeannne Francoise and Caroline Susanne Bosdet, nieces Elizabeth Rachel Priaux and Marie Priaux, niece Jeanne Francoise, nephew John Priaux'

D/Y Judicial Greffe D/Y/A/23/20 Testament of Françoise Bosdet of St Brelade. Dated 04/07/1833. Desires to be buried in St Brelade's Cemetery. Bequeaths to the poor of St Brelade, £12 of the Order of the King, to Jean Bosdet an English Bible and the 'Voyage du Chrétien', and to Elizabeth Bosdet, a large Bible. 27/06/1834 - 27/06/1834 
Bosdet, Francoise (I4502)
2 (85/035) extract from will registered 5 Nov 1796:

'Jacques Bosdet fils Jacques of St Brelade, nephews Jean and Jacques Bosdet and Marie Bosdet niece, wife of Louis Le Bailly. Wife Elizabeth Lescaudey'

D/Y Judicial Greffe D/Y/A/15/121 Testament of Jacques Bosdet son of Jacques of St Brelade. Dated 07/01/1792. Bequeaths to the poor of St Brelade, £12 of the order 05/11/1796 - 05/11/1796 
Bosdet, Jacques (I1638)
3 (Chronique de Jersey - 19 Feb) - husband appeared to be alive at this date

'Renestine Jane Tirel wife of John Philippe Bosdet died 16 Feb 1896 Quennevais St Brelade. 60 years'

In 1851 Census, given as niece of Jean Payn (husband of Jean Philippe Bosdet's sister Elizabeth). 
Tirel, Renestine Jane (I4538)
4 138498 C03 7S06 Bosdet, Charles James (I3933)
5 1901 Census Arichat

13/4/1901 42-45
Bosdet Mary A Head W 24 June 1836 64 Hotel Proprietor
Finlayson Duncan Boarder S 12 Sept 1868 32 Lawyer
Bourinot Jane Boarder S 20 Sept 1877 23

Province/Territory: Nova Scotia
District Name: RICHMOND
District Number: 39
Sub-district Name: Arichat
Sub-district Number: a
Schedule: 1
Reference: RG31 , Statistics Canada
Microfilm Reel Number: T-6455
Finding Aid Number: 31-40 
Fixott, Mary Anne Decarteret (I798)
6 1993-2002 White Pages, Little Rock, AR, USA: Acxiom Corporation Source (S88)
7 1995-2002 White Pages, Little Rock, AR, USA: Axciom Corporation, 1995-2002 Source (S89)
8 1st marriage, Coheiress, with her two sisters, of her father's estates.
Le Brun, Elena (I4168)
9 2nd Duke of Cornwall’s Light Infantry

four clasp Queen’s South Africa Medal pair.
Awarded to “5016 Corp H. Bosdet D of C L I”. Comprising: Queen’s South Africa Medal clasps “Cape Colony”, “Paardeberg”, “Driefontein”, “Transvaal” Pte (Ghost dates to reverse); King’s South Africa Medal clasps “South Africa 1901”, “South Africa 1902”. Medals loose GC.

Corporal Henry Bosdet was born in Bristol and enlisted into the Regiment at Bodmin on the 27th February 1896. He landed in South Africa on the 5th November 1899 and remained here until February 1903. Returning to the UK he was finally discharged on the 23rd February 1908. 
Bosdet, Henry Martin (I3961)
10 2nd marriage.
Croft, Margaret (I4167)
11 At least one living or private individual is linked to this note - Details withheld. Hill, Margaret J (I320)
12 693. PGC.MBD.1746, and 1756. Philippe Gallichan and Madeleine Beaudets m. (St S) 28.4.1743 (as Marie Baudest). Madeleine's name is recorded correctly on the baptism of her children in St Lawrence; L'Ecurie (formerly the barns at Bon Air), La Rue de La Mare Bellam (St L) Bosdet, Magdelaine (I1635)
13 A descendant of Strongbow, he succeeded his older brother, Gilbert, in 1308 as Lord of Thomond. In 1309, and then again between 1312 and 1316, he was sheriff of Cork. Forced to put down a number of rebellions, he was eventually killed while commanding his forces at the Battle of Dysert O'Dea near what is now Ennis, County Clare. He was nominally succeeded by his son, Thomas, who was born in 1318 and died three years later; at that point the Anglo-Norman presence in Thomond disappeared.

The Battle of Dysert O'Dea took place on 10 May 1318 at Dysert O'Dea near Corofin, Ireland. It was part of the Bruce campaign in Ireland. The Norman Richard de Clare attacked the Gaelic Irish chieftain Conchobhar Ó Deághaidh, chief of the Cineal Fearmaic and ally of Muirchertach Ó Briain, but he was defeated.

Precursors to War

The Bruce invasion of Ireland enabled the outbreak of a number of small wars that had little, if anything, pertaining to the Scots. Perhaps the most notable was the battle at Dysert O'Dea which erupted in Brian Boru's old Kingdom of Thomond in 1318.

Two factions of the O'Brien clan had been fighting for generations for supremacy in Thomond. Murtough O'Brien, the descendant of Thurlough O'Brien was the rightful King of Thomond. A challenger appeared in the form of Mahon O'Brien, allied with the opposing faction of the family, which paid its homage to Brian O'Brien. This side of the family was allied with the powerful Anglo-Norman Richard de Clare, a descendant of Strongbow. De Clare ruled over much of western Ireland from his castle at Bunratty, yet the English respected Thomond as a sovereign state and remained outside its borders. However, de Clare's alliance with Mahon O'Brien provided an excuse to invade Thomond. His pale Englishmen would meet in a pitched battle against Murtough's Irish in the Battle of Dysert O'Dea near what is now Ennis, County Clare.

During this time, Donnchadh, an ally of de Clare, was overwhelmingly defeated in the Battle of Lough Raska near Corcomruadh Abbey.

Order of battle

When news arrived of his allies' defeat at Corcomruadh, Richard de Clare decided to attack the Gaelic stronghold at Dysert O'Dea. His troops arrived at Ruan on the morning of May 10, 1318, and were divided into three columns. The first division was headed by de Clare's son and marched northwards to Tullach O'Dea in an effort to cut off any help which might arrive from O'Connor of Ennistymon. The second column travelled southwards towards Magowna to quell any support from that direction. The third division was commanded by de Clare himself and marched westwards towards Dysert O'Dea, the home of Conor O'Dea. O'Dea intentionally made his forces look few in number, for some time fighting in retreat, and when de Clare charged for an attack the Anglo-Normans were ambushed. Richard de Clare was felled by an axe and his son was killed by a Feilim O'Connor. The O'Deas were reinforced by the O'Connors who were followed by the O'Briens, O'Hehir and MacNamaras and the English were soon defeated. Following their victory, the Irish marched back to the De Clare settlement, only to find that de Clare's wife had set it aflame, including Bunratty Castle, and had returned to England.

Over eighty Englishmen of noble birth and many foot soldiers were killed in the battle. The Kingdom of Thomond remained beyond foreign control for over two hundred years, until 1570. 
de Clare, Richard Steward of Forest of Essex (I4977)
14 A History of the House of Percy shows another generation, but The Complete Peerage Vol.X,p440, says different. The history of the house of Percy also shows a son Gosfrid. de Percy, Alan 2nd Baron Percy (I5724)
15 A monk.
de Chateaudun, Pierre (I3174)
16 A Suevain.
Oda (I1215)
17 Aénor of Châtellerault (also known as Aénor de Rochefoucauld) duchess of Aquitaine (Châtellerault, Vienne, France, c. 1103, - March 1130 in Talmont) was the mother of Eleanor of Aquitaine, arguably the most powerful woman in Europe of her generation.

Aenor was a daughter of Viscount Aimery I, Viscount of Châtellerault and his wife, Dangereuse de L' Isle Bouchard (d. 1151). Aenor married William X of Aquitaine, the son of her mother's lover, and had three children with him:

Eleanor of Aquitaine, Duchess of Aquitaine, and wife of both Louis VII of France, and Henry II of England.
Petronilla of Aquitaine, wife of Raoul I, Count of Vermandois.
William Aigret (who died at the age of four with his mother at Talmont-sur-Gironde)

The county "Châtellerault" later became a title belonging to the Dukes of Hamilton. 
de Châtellerault, Aenor (I5670)
18 About 1433 the spelling was changed from Culwen to Curwen. Is believed to have died in 1403 during the great pestilence (plague), which also killed his first father, Sir Gilbert, from whom he inherited his title.
Culwen, Sir William (I4163)
19 Abthane of Dule, Lay Abbot of Dunkeld, Earl and Governor of Strathclyde. Descended (as were the Kings of Dalriada) of the old Kings of Ireland, from Eochu and Naill (of the nine hostages). The line is uncertain until Duncan.
Abthane Of Dule, Abbot Of Dunkeld, Duncan (I3122)
20 Ada was born illegitimately. She married Malise of Strathearn, son of Fertheth, 2nd Earl of Strathearn.
Ada (I3286)
21 Adalard (or Adalhard) of Paris (c. 830 - 890) was the eighth Count of Paris. He followed his uncle Leuthard II. He was a count palatine.

Adalard had one child, Adelaide of Paris (850 - 10 November 901) who married King Louis II of France.
of Paris, Adalard (I3650)
22 Adalbert Atto (or Adalberto Azzo) (died 13 February 988) was the first Count of Canossa and founder of that noble house which eventually was to play a determinant rôle in the political settling of Italy and the Investiture Controversy in the eleventh and twelfth centuries.

Adalbert first appears in sources as a son of Sigifred, who is called de comitatu Lucensi, signifying that he hailed from Lucca. He was originally a vassal of King Lothair II and a miles of Adelard, Bishop of Reggio. He rose to prominence rapidly by sheltering Queen Adelaide in his castle at Canossa after she fled from the castle of Garda (951), where Berengar II had imprisoned her.

In 958, he was made a count sine re, by Adelaide. He did not appear again as a count in documents until December 961, during Berengar's ascendancy. On 20 April 962, he appeared as count of Reggio and Modena (comes Regensis sive Mutinensis). These appointments were probably a further product of his support for Adelaide and her new husband, Otto I of Germany. With the queen, he negotiated a division of power with the bishop of Reggio whereby the bishop was confirmed as comes civitatis, count of the city, and Adalbert as comes comitatus, count of the county, where the county was said to begin three or four miles outside the city walls. He appears with a similar title, comes comitatus Mantuanensis, in Mantua in a letter of the abbess of Santa Giulia dated 10 June 977.

In 984, Adalbert appears as a margrave. When Henry II, Duke of Bavaria, was acclaimed as king that year, he united Parma, Piacenza, Bergamo, Cremona, and Brescia to Adalbert's territories. However, Henry's usurpation of the throne was brief.

Adalbert Atto built a monastery at Canossa in 961, dedicated to S. Apollonio in 971. He also built a monastery at Brescello. He and his family were all buried in S. Apollonio.

Adalbert married the Supponid Hildegard (Ildegarda) and had three sons: Geoffrey and Tedald, who became respectively bishop (970) and count (1001) of Brescia, and Rudolph, who predeceased him. He had a daughter Prangarda who married Manfred I of Susa. 
Atto, Adalbert Count of Canossa (I5428)
23 Adalbert I (died 17 July 923 or 8 October 924) was the son of Anscar of Ivrea and, from his death in 902, margrave of Ivrea.

He rebelled against his father-in-law Berengar I in 905 in support of Louis III. When Louis was defeated, captured, and blinded, Adalbert was exiled to Burgundy, whence his family had originated. He later returned and rebelled again, this time with Lambert, Archbishop of Milan, in support of another rival for the Italian throne: Rudolf II of Burgundy. Initially unsuccessful, he and Rudolf jointly defeated Berengar at the Battle of Firenzuola on 29 July 923.

He married firstly, before 900, Gisela of Friuli, a daughter of Berengar I of Italy and Bertila of Spoleto. With her, he had two children:

Berengar, successor
Bertha, abbess of Modena

Around 915, he married Ermengard, the daughter Adalbert II of Tuscany and Bertha, daughter of Lothair II. From this marriage he had a second son, Anscar, Duke of Spoleto. 
d'Ivrea, Abelbreta (I4261)
24 Adélaïde de Paris (or Aélis) (c. 850/853 - 10 November 901) was the second wife of Louis the Stammerer, King of Western Francia, and was the mother of Charles the Simple.


Adelaide was the daughter of the count palatine Adalard of Paris. Her great-grandfather was Bégon, Count of Paris. Her great-grandmother, Alpaïs, wife of Bégon, was the illegitimate daughter of Louis the Pious by an unnamed mistress.

Adelaide was chosen by Charles the Bald, King of Western Francia, to marry his son and heir, Louis the Stammerer, despite the fact that Louis had secretly married Ansgarde of Burgundy against the wishes of his father. Although Louis and Ansgarde already had two children, Louis and Carloman, Charles prevailed upon Pope John VIII, to dissolve the union. This accomplished, Charles married his son to Adelaide in February 875.

However, the marriage was called into question because of the close blood-kinship of the pair. When on 7 September 878 the pope crowned Louis (who had succeeded his father in the previous year), the pope refused to crown Adelaide.

When Louis the Stammerer died in Compiegne on 10 April 879, he had no heirs by Adelaide; she was, however, pregnant, giving birth on 17 September 879, to Charles the Simple.[2] The birth of this child led to a dispute between Adelaide and her deceased husband's repudiated wife, Ansgarde. Ansgarde and her sons accused Adelaide of adultery; Adelaide in turn disputed the right of Ansgarde's sons to inherit. Eventually, Adelaide succeeded in winning the case; but despite this, Ansgarde's sons Louis and Carloman remained kings until their deaths without heirs in 882 and 884 respectively, with the crown then being contested between Odo, Count of Paris and Charles the Fat.

Charles the Simple eventually succeeded to his father's throne in 898; his mother assisted in crowning him.

Adelais of Paris died in Laon on 10 November 901. She was buried in the Abbey of Saint-Corneille, Compiègne, Picardy, France.


Ermentrude, born c. 875/878
Charles III "the Simple", born 17 September 879, King of France 898-923,
of Paris, Adelaide (I1459)
25 Adbelahide or Adele or Adelaide of Aquitaine (or Adelaide of Poitiers) (c. 945 or 952 - 1004) was the daughter of William III, Duke of Aquitaine and Adele of Normandy, daughter of Rollo of Normandy.

Her father used her as security for a truce with Hugh Capet, whom she married in 969. In 987, after the death of Louis V, the last Carolingian king of France, Hugh was elected the new king with Adelaide as queen. They were proclaimed at Senlis and blessed at Noyon. They were the founders of the Capetian dynasty of France.


Adeleide and Hugh's children were:

Hedwig, Countess of Mons (or Hadevide, or Avoise) (c. 969-after 1013), wife of Reginar IV, Count of Mons
Robert II (972-1031), the future king of France. Crowned co-king 987 in order to consolidate the new dynasty
Gisèle, Countess of Ponthieu (c. 970-1002), wife of Hugh I, Count of Ponthieu

A number of other daughters are less reliably attested.
of Poitiers, Adelaide (I1525)
26 Adelaide of Guelders (c. 1182 - 1218) was the daughter of Count Otto I of Guelders and his wife, Richarda, the daughter of Duke Otto I of Bavaria and Agnes of Loon.

Adelaide died in 1218, while her husband was away on the Fifth Crusade. She was buried in Rijnsburg Abbey.

In 1197 in Stavoren, she married Count William I of Holland. They had five children:

Floris IV (24 June 1210 in The Hague-19 July 1234 in Corbie, France), succeeded his father as Count of Holland
Otto (d. 1249), Regent of Holland in 1238-1239, Bishop of Utrecht
William (d. 1238), Regent of Holland in 1234-1238.
Richarda (d. 1262)
Ada (d. 1258), Abbess at Rijnsburg from 1239 until her death
of Guelders, Adelaide (I5337)
27 Adelaide of Holland, Countess of Hainaut (Dutch: Aleide (Aleidis) van Holland; c. 1230 - buried 9 April 1284, Valenciennes) was a daughter of Floris IV, Count of Holland and Matilda of Brabant. She was also a sister of William II, Count of Holland and King of Germany. She acted as regent for her nephew Count Floris V during his minority.


On 9 October 1246, Adelaide married John I of Avesnes, Count of Hainaut. Like her mother, she was a patron of religious houses. Her religious interest is reflected in that three of her sons became bishops, and her one daughter became an abbess. She also insisted on a bilingual education for them.

Between 1258 and 1263, Adelaide was regent of Holland in the name of her nephew Floris V. She called herself Guardian of Holland and Zeeland (Tutrix de Hollandie et Zeelandie). After he came of age, she continued to advise him. She died in 1284, but in 1299, with the death of Floris' son John I, it was her own son John II who inherited Holland through her.

She gave Town privileges to Schiedam, which afterwards had the right to be called a city. In it she founded Huis te Riviere, which was then the second largest castle in Holland.

Jacob van Maerlant dedicated his first poem, Geesten, to Adelaide.


With John I, she had the following issue:

John II, Count of Hainaut and Holland (1247-1304)
Baldwin (born after 1247, lived in 1299)
Joanna, abbess of Flines (died 1304)
Bouchard, Bishop of Metz (1251-1296)
Guy, Bishop of Utrecht (1253-1317)
William, Bishop of Cambrai (1254-1296)
Floris, stadholder of Zeeland and Prince of Achaea (1255-1297)
of Holland, Adelaide (I5305)
28 Adelaide of Susa (also Adelheid, Adelais, or Adeline; ca. 1014/1020 - 19 December 1091) was the Marchioness of Turin from 1034 to her death. She moved the seat of the march from Turin to Susa and settled the itinerant court there. She was the last of the Arduinici.


Born in Turin to Ulric Manfred II and Bertha, daughter of Oberto II around 1014/1020, Adelaide's early life is not well known. Her only brother predeceased her father in 1034, though she had two younger sisters, Immilla and Bertha. Thus, on Ulric's death, the great margraviate was divided between his three daughters, though the greatest part by far went to Adelaide. She received the counties of Ivrea, Auriate, Aosta, and Turin. The margravial title, however, had primarily a military purpose at the time and, thus, was not considered suitable for a woman.

Conrad II, Holy Roman Emperor, therefore arranged a marriage between Adelaide and Herman IV, Duke of Swabia, to serve as margrave of Turin after Ulric's death (1034). The two were married in January 1037, but Herman died of the plague while fighting at Naples in July 1038.

Adelaide remarried in order to secure her vast march to Henry of Montferrat (1041), but he died in 1045 and left her a widow for the second time. Immediately, a third marriage was undertaken, this time to Otto of Savoy (1046). With Otto she had three sons, Peter I, Amadeus II, and Otto. She also had two daughters, Bertha and Adelaide. Bertha, the countess of Maurienne, married the Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor, while Adelaide married Rudolf of Rheinfeld, who opposed Henry as King of Germany.

After 1060, Adelaide acted as regent for her sons. In 1068, Henry tried to divorce Bertha and consequently drove Adelaide to an intense hatred of him and his family. However, through the intervention of Bertha, Henry received Adelaide's support when he came to Italy to submit to Pope Gregory VII and Matilda of Tuscany at Canossa. Adelaide and Amadeus accompanied the humiliated emperor to Canossa. In gratitude for her mediation, Henry donated Bugey to Adelaide and her family and took back Bertha as his wife, returning to Germany.

Adelaide later played the mediator between her two royal sons-in-law, Henry and the aforementioned Rudolf during the wars of the 1080s in Germany. She was an opponent of the Gregorian reform, though she honoured the papacy, and defender of the autonomy of abbacies.

In 1091, Adelaide died, to the general mourning of her people, and was buried in the parochial church of Canischio (Canisculum), a small village on the Cuorgnè in the Valle dell'Orco, to which she had retired in her later years. In the cathedral of Susa, in a niche in the wall, there is a statue of walnut wood, beneath a bronze veneer, representing Adelaide, genuflecting in prayer. Above it can be read the inscription: Questa è Adelaide, cui l'istessa Roma Cole, e primo d'Ausonia onor la noma.


Adelaide had passed her childhood amongst the retainers of her father and had even learned the martial arts when young, bearing her own arms and armour. She was reputed to be beautiful and virtuous. She was pious, putting eternal things ahead of temporal. Strong in temperament, she did not hesitate to punish even the bishops and grandees of her realm. She patronised the minstrels and always received them at her court, urging them to compose songs emphasising religious values. She was a founder of cloisters and monasteries that transmitted the history of the region. One failure of Adelaide's career was the loss of the County of Albon.


Adelaide and Herman IV, Duke of Swabia had at least three children:

Gebhard I, Count of Sulzbach
Adalbert I, Count of Windberg
Adelaide, married Hermann von Peugen

Adelaide and Otto of Savoy had five children:

Peter I of Savoy
Amedeus II of Savoy
Otto, Bishop of Asti
Bertha of Savoy, married Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor
Adelaide (died 1080), married Rudolf von Rheinfeld 
of Susa, Adelaide (I5421)
29 Adelaide of Tours (c.820-c.866) was a daughter of Hugh of Tours and his wife Bava.

She married first Conrad I, Count of Auxerre with whom she had two children, Hugh and Conrad the Younger.

After his death she probably married Robert the Strong, whose children Odo and Robert I of France are perhaps hers. Since Robert was born in 866, well after her first husband died, he is more likely to be her offspring. His grandson was Hugh Capet, the first King of the House of Capet. 
of Tours, Adelaide (I5399)
30 Adelaide of Vermandois (1062-1122) was suo jure Countess of Vermandois and Valois and the last member of the Carolingian dynasty.

Adelaide was the daughter of Herbert IV, Count of Vermandois, and Adele of Valois and of the Vexin. Her younger brother Otto became Count of Vermandois upon their father's death in 1080. However, five years later, he was disinherited by the council of Barons of France because of his mental illness. Thus, Adelaide and her husband succeeded to the Counties of Vermandois and Valois.

Adelaide married firstly Hugh Magnus, son of the Capetian King Henry I of France and younger brother of Philip I of France. By this marriage she had nine children:

Matilda(1080-1130), married Ralph I of Beaugency
Beatrice (1082 - after 1144), married Hugh III of Gournay
Elizabeth of Vermandois, Countess of Leicester (1081-1131)
Ralph I (1085-1152)
Constance (born 1086, date of death unknown), married Godfrey de la Ferté-Gaucher
Agnes (1090-1125), married Boniface of Savone
Henry (1091-1130), Lord of Chaumont en Vexin
Simon (1093-1148)
William, possibly married to Isabella, illegitimate daughter of King Louis VI of France

In 1104, she married secondly Renaud II, Count of Clermont. By this marriage she had one daughter, Margaret, who married Charles I, Count of Flanders.

In 1102, Adelaide was succeeded by her son, Ralph I. Adelaide died in 1122 and the Carolingian dynasty died out with her. 
Adelaide Countess of Vermandois (I1411)
31 Adelchis I or Adelgis I was the Count of Parma by the 830s, of Cremona after 841, and eventually of Brescia. According to some sources, he succeeded to the Duchy of Spoleto in 824. He was a second son of Suppo I and father of Suppo II. His main area of interest was in the Aemilia and eastern Lombardy. Adelchis I of Spoleto (I5037)
32 Adele de Normandie was born circa 917. She was the daughter of Rollo Ragnvaldsson, 1st Duc de Normandie and Poppa of Normandy de Valois. She married Guillaume III, Duc d'Aquitaine, son of Ebalus, Duc d'Aquitaine, in 935. She died after 14 October 962 at France.

Gerloc (or Geirlaug), baptised in Rouen as Adela (or Adèle) in 912, was the daughter of Rollo, first duke of Normandy, and his wife, Poppa. She was the sister of Duke William Longsword.

In 935, she married William Towhead, the future count of Poitou and duke of Aquitaine. They had two children together before she died on 14 October 962:

William IV of Aquitaine
Adelaide of Aquitaine, wife of Hugh Capet 
of Normandy, Adele (I4172)
33 Adele of Meaux (920- 984) Also known as "Adele of Vermandois" was a daughter of Robert of Vermandois and Adelaide de Chalon.



She married twice, first to Lambert, Count of Chalon, and then to Geoffrey I of Anjou, and had children with each.


With Lambert of Chalon:

Hugh I of Autun, Bishop of Auxerre (-1039)
Mahaut of Autun, Count of Chalon (-1019)
Aelis of Chalon, who married Guido I of Macon

With Geoffrey I of Anjou:

Gottfried of Anjou (-987)
Fulk III of Anjou (972-1040)
Ermengarde-Gerberga of Anjou (b. 965), married Conan I of Rennes. She secondly married William II of Angoulême.

Adele of Meaux (c. 950-aft. 982), (a.k.a. "Adele of Vermandois") was Countess of Chalon and of Anjou.

Adele was a daughter of Robert of Vermandois, Count of Meaux and Troyes, and Adelaide de Chalon.


She married twice, first c. 970 to Lambert, Count of Chalon († 22 Februry 978). Their children were:

Hugh I of Autun, Bishop of Auxerre and Count of Chalon. († 1039).
Mahaut of Autun, Dame de Donzy († bef. 1019).[2]
Aelis of Chalon, who married c. 991 Guy I, Count of Macon.

She married secondly, 2 March 979, Geoffrey I of Anjou († 21 July 987) and had:

Maurice of Anjou, Count of Chalon, († bef. 1012) 
of Vermandois, Adele (I3481)
34 Adele of Valois was a daughter of Raoul III of Valois and Adele de Bar-sur-Aube.

She married Herbert IV of Vermandois and they had:

Adelaide, Countess of Vermandois, married to Hugh of Vermandois.
Odo, Count of Vermandois (+ after 1085), married to Hedwig. Later became Lord of Saint-Simon by marriage. The last Carolingian.
of Valois, Adele (I1413)
35 Adeliza de Louvain was born circa 1103 at Louvain, Belgium. She was the daughter of Godefroi I de Louvain, Duc de Basse-Lorraine and Ida de Namur, Comtesse de Namur. She married, firstly, Henry I 'Beauclerc', King of England, son of William I 'the Conqueror', King of England and Matilda de Flandre, on 29 January 1121 at Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire, England. She married, secondly, William d'Aubigny, 1st Earl of Arundel, son of Guillaume d'Aubigny and Maud le Bigod, in 1138. She was also reported to have been married on 2 February 1121 at Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire, England. She died circa 23 April 1151 at Affligem Abbey, Afflingham, Flanders, Belgium. She was buried at Afflingham, Flanders, Belgium.

From 30 January 1121, her married name became Queen Consort Adeliza of England. As a result of her marriage, Adeliza de Louvain was styled as Queen Dowager of England on 1 December 1135. She was a nun in 1150 at Affligem Abbey, Afflingham, Flanders, Belgium. She has an extensive biographical entry in the Dictionary of National Biography.

Dictionary of National Biography

Adeliza of Louvain d. 1151, second queen of Henry I, was daughter of Godfrey (Barbatus) of Louvain, duke of Brabant or Lower Lotharingia, descended in the male line from Charles the Great. The date of her birth is not known, but she is described as puella in 1120. It was partly the report of her singular beauty (on which all the chroniclers are agreed), and partly ob spem prolis adipiscendæ (Gervase, i. 92, Rolls Ser.), that Henry, then in his fiftieth year (and a widower since May 1118), sought her hand in the above year. The contract of marriage was signed 16 April 1120; but, owing to the delay in the bride's arrival, the marriage itself did not take place till 24 Jan. 1120-1, the royal pair being crowned by the Archbishop of Canterbury six days later. It was on this occasion that Henry of Huntingdon (p. 243, Rolls Ser.) composed, in praise of her beauty, the elegiacs beginning:Anglorum regina, tuos, Adeliza, decoresIpsa referre parans musa stupore riget.

Of a gentle and retiring disposition she took no part in politics, but devoted herself to soothing and pacifying the disappointed and sullen king. She also interested herself greatly in the literary movement of the day, taking under her special patronage Geoffroi Gaimar, Philip du Than, the author of the Voyage de St. Brandan, and David the Trouveur. On the death of Henry (1 Dec. 1135) she disappears from view; but it is probable that she retired to the castle of Arundel which, with its honour, had been left to her in dower for life. We find her residing there in 1139, when the empress landed in the neighbourhood, and was received into the castle ab Adeliza quondam regis Henrici regina tunc autem amica (sic) vel uxore W. Comitis de Arundell (Gervase, ed. Stubbs, i. 110). The date of her marriage to William de Albini [see Albini, William de, d. 1176] is unknown; but as she left by him seven children, it cannot have been long after Henry's death. Her only recorded acts after 1139 are her foundation of the small priories of Pyneham and of the Causeway (De Calceto), and her benefactions to that of Boxgrove, all in Sussex, with her gifts to Henry's abbey of Reading and to the cathedral church of Chichester. To the latter she presented the prebend of West Dean in the year 1150, after which date there are no further traces of her. It is stated by Sandford that she was certainly buried at Reading; but she has since been proved to have left her husband and retired to the abbey of Affligam near Alost, in Flanders, which had been founded by her father and uncle, and to which her brother Henry had withdrawn in 1149. Here she died on 24 March 1151 (Annals of Margam), and was buried: Affligenam delata vivendi finem facit ix. kal. Aprilis et sepulta est e regione horologii nostri (Sanderus, Chorographia Sacra Brabantiæ). While lady of Arundel she had sub-enfeoffed her brother Joceline (the Castellan) in the lordship of Petworth on the occasion of his marriage with the heiress of the Percies, by whom he was ancestor of the earls of Northumberland.


Strickland's Lives of the Queens of England (1840), vol. i.
Lawrence's Memoirs of the Queens of England (1838), vol. i.
Henry Howard's Howard Memorials (1834), x.
Butkens' Trophées du Brabant, vol. i.
Sanderus' Chorographia Sacra Brabantiæ.

Contributor: J. H. R. [John Horace Round]

Published: 1885

Adeliza of Louvain, sometimes known in England as Adelicia of Louvain, also called Adela and Aleidis; (c. 1103 - 23 April 1151) was queen consort of the Kingdom of England from 1121 to 1135, the second wife of Henry I. She was the daughter of Godfrey I, Count of Louvain, Duke of Lower Lotharingia, Landgrave of Brabant and Count of Louvain and Brussels.


Adeliza married Henry I of England on 24 January 1121, when she is thought to have been in her late teens and Henry was fifty-three. It is believed that Henry only married again because he wanted a male heir. Despite holding the record for the most illegitimate children of a British monarch, Henry had only one legitimate son, William Adelin, who predeceased his father on 25 November 1120 in the White Ship disaster. It is usually assumed that Henry married Adeliza because of this disaster; however, negotiations to find a new wife began as early as 1119.

Adeliza was reputedly quite pretty, known as the "Fair Maid of Brabant." More importantly, her father was a vassal of Henry V, Holy Roman Emperor, son-in-law of Henry. It is possible that his daughter was influential in making the match. Godfrey was motivated to protect his lands from the newest Count of Flanders, Charles. As Flanders had been long-term enemies of the Normans, marrying his daughter to the English king aligned Godfrey with a natural ally. Despite all these hopes, no children were born during the marriage.


Adeliza, unlike the other Anglo-Norman queens, played little part in the public life of the realm during her tenure as queen consort. Whether this was personal inclination or because Henry preferred to keep her nearby in the hope she'd conceive, is unknown. Although she did not produce the desired heir, she traveled extensively with Henry including several visits to Normandy. Adeliza also assumed her right as a patron of literature and several works, including a bestiary by Philip de Thaon that was dedicated to her. She is said to have commissioned a verse biography of King Henry; if she did, it is no longer extant. Henry also gave her extensive lands, some that belonged to Matilda of Scotland and others in Essex, Middlesex, and Gloucestershire.

When Henry died on 1 December 1135, Adeliza retired temporarily to the Benedictine convent of Wilton Abbey, near Salisbury. She was present at the dedication of Henry's tomb at Reading Abbey on the first anniversary of his death. At about that time, she founded a leper hospital dedicated to Saint Giles at Fugglestone St Peter, Wiltshire.

Second marriage

After three years of mourning, the young queen married William d'Aubigny, one of Henry's chief advisers, in 1138 for love. She brought with her a Queen's dowry, including the castle of Arundel the would serve as the couple's primary residence. Because of this, King Stephen of England created d'Aubigny Earl of Arundel in 1142 and Earl of Lincoln. The marriage produced at least seven children. Through this union, Adeliza is an ancestor of Anne Boleyn and Catherine Howard.

Although her husband was a staunch supporter of Stephen during the Anglo-Norman civil war, her own personal inclination may have been toward her stepdaughter's cause, the Empress Matilda. When Matilda sailed to England in 1139, she appealed to her stepmother for shelter, landing near Arundel and was received as a guest of the former Queen.

Later life

Adeliza spent her final years in the abbey of Affligem (landgraviat of Brabant), which she richly rewarded with landed estates (three English villages called Ideswordam, Westmerendonam and Aldeswurda, probably near to Arundel).

She died in the abbey and was buried in the abbey church next to her father, Godfrey I, Count of Louvain, (d.1139). The abbey necrology situates her tombstone next to the clockwork. An 18th century floor plan of the church shows her tombstone located halfway up the left nave. Her grave was demolished however during the French Revolution (abt. 1798). Her bones had been found and she was reburied in the cloister of the re-erected Affligem abbey.


One of Adeliza's brothers, evidently illegitimate, Joscelin of Louvain, came to England and married Agnes de Percy, heiress of the Percy family.

Although it is clear that the former queen and Joscelin were very close, he was almost certainly an illegitimate son of Adeliza's father and thus her half-brother. His children took their name from their mother's lineage, and their descendants include the medieval Earls of Northumberland.

Adeliza also gave a dowry to one of her cousins when she married in England.


Five of Adeliza and William's children were to survive to adulthood:

William d'Aubigny, 2nd Earl of Arundel, father to William d'Aubigny, 3rd Earl of Arundel who was one of the twenty-five guarantors of the Magna Carta.
Reynor d'Aubigny
Henry d'Aubigny
Alice, Countess of Eu, married John Count of Eu, Lord of Hastings (d. 26 June 1170).
Olivia d'Aubigny (d.young)
Agatha d'Aubigny (d.young)
Geoffrey d'Aubigny.

Adeliza also became an active patron of the church during her second marriage, giving property to Reading Abbey in honour of her late husband and to several other smaller foundations. 
of Louvain, Adeliza (I1813)
36 Adeliza fitz Edith was born illegitimately.
fitz Edith, Adeliza (I1338)
37 Adeliza Fitzosulf le Freyne du Plessis married, secondly, Robert de Tosny.1 She married, firstly, Guillaume d'Aubigny. She was also known as Adeliza de Belvoir.
Fitzosulf le Freyne du Plessis, Adeliza (I644)
38 Adeliza, Countess of Aumale was born illegitimately in 1029. She married, firstly, Enguerrand III d'Aumale, Comte de Ponthieu, son of Hugues d'Aumale, Comte de Ponthieu and Berthe, before 1053. She married, secondly, Lambert II de Boulogne, Comte de Lens, son of Eustace I, Comte de Boulogne and Maud de Louvain, circa 1053. She married, thirdly, Odo II, Comte de Champagne, son of Stephen II, Comte de Champagne and Adele, circa 1060. She was also known as Adelaide. She was styled as Countess of Aumale in 1082.

Adelaide of Normandy (or Adeliza) (c. 1026 in Calvados, France - c. 1090) was the sister (or half-sister) of William the Conqueror.

She was the daughter of Robert the Magnificent, Duke of Normandy. Different chroniclers writing in the Gesta Normannorum Ducum call her sister of William the Conqueror either by the same mother or by different mothers. She is usually said to be daughter of Herleva.

Adelaide married three times;

first Enguerrand II of Ponthieu (died 1053) by whom she had issue;

second Lambert II, Count of Lens (died 1054);

and third in 1060 Odo II of Champagne son of the Count of Troyes, (Odo IV of Troyes), by whom she had issue Stephen, Count of Aumale.

By Lambert she had a daughter, Judith of Lens, who married Waltheof, Earl of Northumbria (executed 1076). Their daughter, Maud, 2nd Countess of Huntingdon, took for her second husband King David I of Scotland.

She became Countess of Aumale when her husband Odo inherited the title of Count in 1069.
Adeliza Countess of Aumale (I1819)
39 Adelolf, Count of Boulogne (died 13 November 933) was a son of Baldwin II, Count of Flanders, and of Ælfthryth. He was probably named for his maternal great-grandfather, King Æthelwulf of Wessex.

Baldwin II's extensive lands and many offices in what is now the north of modern France and the west of Belgium were divided among his sons on his death in 918. The elder, Arnulf, became Count of Flanders. Adelolf succeeded his father as count of Saint-Pol, Count of Boulogne and of Thérouanne. He was also the lay abbot of the Abbey of Saint Bertinus (Saint-Bertin) at Saint-Omer.

In 926 Adelolf was sent as an ambassador to his maternal first cousin King Æthelstan of England by Count Hugh the Great, effective ruler of northern France under Rudolph, Duke of Burgundy, who had been elected king of France in 923. Adelolf was to seek the English king's agreement to a marriage between Hugh and another of Æthelstan's sisters. Among the lavish gifts sent to Æthelstan, an avid collector of relics, were said to be the sword of the Roman Emperor Constantine the Great and the Holy Lance. The embassy was a success and Hugh was married to Æthelstan's half-sister Eadhild.

Adelolf was the father of Arnulf II, Count of Boulogne (died 971), and of an illegitimate son named Baldwin (died 973) who was guardian of Arnulf II, Count of Flanders.

According to Folcwine's Gesta abbatum Sancti Bertini Sithiensium (Deeds of the abbots of Saint-Bertin), Adelolf died on 13 November 933. He was buried at Saint-Bertin.
Adelolf Count of Boulogne (I881)
40 Aed probably re-established independence from Pictish overlordship, and the kingship of Dal Riata, when the Picts were defeated by the Strathclyde British in 750. He was on the offensive against the Picts by
768, when he raided their territory. Nothing else about his reign is recorded. He was succeeded by his brother Fergus upon his death in 778.
Mac Eochaid, King Of Dal Riata, Aed Find (I2274)
41 Aedan succeeded to the kingship upon his cousin Conall's death in 574. There is an entertaining story in Adomnan's "Life of Columb"a which relates how Columba would have preferred to support Eoganan as king. According to the life, an angel commanded Columba three times to support Aedan, and Columba did not relent until the angel struck him with a scourge. In 575 Aedan attended the Convention of Druim Cett in Ireland, which apparently convened to decide the political relationship between Dal Riata and the kings of the Northern Ui Neill in Ireland, whose power was growing. In 581 he led an expedition to the Orkney islands, and he won a victory at the Isle of Man in the following year. In 590, he won a battle against the Maetae, his British neighbours, but lost two of his sons in the battle. In 596, in the first battle between Scots and English, two more of his sons were slain. In 600, he lead an army against the English of Northumbria, but was decisively defeated at Degsastan. He was victorious in a battle against the Picts sometime between 596 and 606. He died, at the age of seventy-four according to the annals, in 606, and was succeeded by his son Eochaid Buid. The "Senchus" notes that he fathered seven sons, but other sources tell of two others, Artur and Domangart.
Mac Gabran, King Of Dal Riata, Aedan (I2280)
42 Aelfflaed
Elfleda (I1902)
43 Agatha (before ca. 1030 - after ca. 1070) was the wife of Edward the Exile (heir to the throne of England) and mother of Edgar Ætheling, Saint Margaret of Scotland and Cristina of England. Her antecedents are unclear and the subject of much speculation.


Nothing is known of Agatha's early life, and what speculation has appeared is inextricably linked to the contentious issue of Agatha's paternity, one of the unresolved questions of medieval genealogy. As the birth of her children is speculatively placed at around the year 1045, her own birth was probably before about 1030. She came to England with her husband and children in 1057, but was widowed shortly after her arrival. Following the Norman conquest of England, in 1067 she fled with her children to Scotland, finding refuge under her future son-in-law Malcolm III. While one modern source indicates that she spent her last years as a nun at Newcastle-upon-Tyne, dying before about 1093, Simeon of Durham carries what appears to be the last reference to her in 1070.
Agatha (I3330)
44 Age given as 14 at burial Bosdet, Jean Rose (I6195)
45 Age given as 47 at burial Tisseaux, Susanne (I65)
46 Age given as 49 at burial Coignard, Jeanne (I71)
47 Age given as 52 at burial Bosdet, Jean (I6192)
48 Age given as 64 years 11 months at death. Bosdet, Mary Elizabeth (I3430)
49 Age given as 70 at burial Bosdet, Jeanne (I1634)
50 Age given as 74 at burial Bosdet, Elizabeth (I4501)

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